How to choose a Linux operating system for a beginner?

Linux is an open-source operating system that is one of the most popular choices for servers. However, there are many different Linux distributions, and selecting the right one can be challenging. In this article, we will discuss which Linux systems are best suited for use on servers and why.

Linux distributions specifically designed for servers are called server distributions. They differ from desktop distributions in that they usually do not have a graphical interface, making them lightweight and fast. They also contain a variety of tools and programs necessary for setting up and managing servers.

There are several popular choices among server distributions of Linux, such as Ubuntu Server, CentOS, Debian, and Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). Each of them has its advantages and disadvantages, but overall, they are all suitable for use on servers.

One of the most popular distributions for servers is Ubuntu Server. It has a user-friendly command-line interface and is suitable for beginners as it is easy to install and configure. Ubuntu Server also supports a wide range of packages, making it a versatile choice for various types of servers.

CentOS is a server distribution based on the source code of Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). It is stable and reliable, making it a popular choice for enterprise servers. CentOS also has a long update cycle, providing extended support.

Debian is a server distribution characterized by its stability and security. It also has an extensive package set, making it a versatile choice for many types of servers.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is a commercial server distribution that also has a free counterpart in the form of CentOS. It is widely used in the corporate environment and has a long update and support cycle.

However, when choosing a Linux server distribution, it is necessary to consider not only its popularity and ease of use, but also other factors, such as:

1. Security. The server’s operating system should be secure and protected from hacking. Some Linux distributions, such as Debian, CentOS, and RHEL, have a high level of security and regularly release updates to fix vulnerabilities.
2. Reliability. The server’s operating system should be reliable and stable. To achieve this, it is necessary to choose Linux distributions with a well-tuned kernel, such as CentOS and RHEL.
3. Support and updates. The server’s operating system should have a long update and support cycle. Some Linux distributions, such as RHEL and Ubuntu LTS, provide support for several years.
4. Availability of necessary tools. The server’s operating system should have all the necessary tools and programs required for server operation. For example, CentOS and RHEL have a rich set of tools for server management.

Overall, all of the Linux distributions discussed above are well suited for use on a server, but the choice of a specific distribution depends on specific requirements and needs. If you have experience working with a particular distribution, it may be easier for you to continue working with it on a server. If you are new to Linux, you can start with Ubuntu Server or CentOS, as they are relatively easy to use and have good documentation.

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